Persian Cat Life Expectancy- How Long Do They Live?

Persian cat life expectancy

If you’re a Persian cat owner then you’re a lucky cat parent indeed. Persian cats are a wonderful breed of cat with their fluffy luxurious coats and their round flat faces. 

They bring immense pleasure and joy to our lives with their endearing personality. 

At some point in every Persian cat owners mind, a certain question will cross your mind regarding a Persian cats life expectancy. It’s something we all dread to think about. I know before I bought my Persian cat it was something I looked at as any budding cat owner considers before buying a certain breed of cat. 

Persian cat life expectancy is 12-17 years, with a median age of 14.1 years, be sure to read on for a more in-depth answer.

There wasn’t a lot of information online regarding a Persian cats lifespan, more often than not there were some quite conflicting information. 

In this post, I hope to shed some light on this question and hopefully provide you with a research-backed answer. There are, of course, many variables to the answer of which we will look at in this post.

Persian Cat Lifespan Factors

A Persian cat’s lifespan depends on quite a few factors as mentioned above. We’ll look closely at what they are below.

Indoor or outdoor Persian cat

I’ll start with the most obvious factor which is where your cat is kept. If your Persian cat is an outdoor cat then their life expectancy will be significantly reduced. According to WebMD the average lifespan of an outdoor cat can be anywhere from 2-5 years old as they’re exposed to many dangers. 

I know most Persian cat owners do tend to keep their cats inside as it’s easier to maintain their fur and Persians, in general, are better suited to a mainly indoor lifestyle. That’s not to say a Persian can’t be a great outdoor cat as they can but they will need their fur brushing even more than an indoor cat.

Breeding Heritage and Genetic Makeup

As with humans genetics play a massive part in life expectancy. Persian cats do suffer heredity health issues such as polycystic kidney disease (PKD), breathing issues, excessive tearing, progressive retinal atrophy (PRA). Some of these health issues can be bred out of the Persian cat, often reputable breeders will prove that their kittens are clear from the above diseases and they don’t run in the family bloodline. 

Preventative breeding is one way to ensure that you get a Persian cat with a higher chance of not developing any of the above diseases and issues but there isn’t unfortunately anyway to guarantee this as such. You could buy a Persian kitten that’s from a pedigree show winner and proven clear bloodline and still develop the known diseases as Persians are prone to these issues. There can be traces in the bloodline from many generations before that are difficult to trace.

It’s needless to say shelter cats and cats that have been rescued do tend to suffer more from the above diseases as it’s very difficult to find out any information regarding their DNA. It’s important to note this isn’t the case in every instance though.

Food and Diet

Your Persian cat’s diet plays a vital role in health and well-being. Feeding a well-balanced wet and dry food diet will ensure your cat has all the minerals that he/she needs to keep them healthy and vitalised. 

Buying the most expensive or cat food that’s perceived as the “best” won’t necessarily prolong your cat’s life but it will contribute towards an overall more healthy cat. 

I recently wrote a post on the best Persian cat food.  

Water Intake 

Water intake is critical to every living being and cats are no different they require a constant supply of fresh, clean water. Some cats drink more water than others but there is a distinct collation between cat health and water intake. 

The average Persian cat needs 1 ounce/28ml of water per pound of body weight. 

I recently wrote an article on cat water fountains– These are a great way to get your cat to drink more.

Eye care

Most Persian cats tend to suffer from eye issues, my own Persian cat Milo has runny eyes that require daily cleaning. Although this isn’t critical to a Persian cats life expectancy all these factors do compound if they’re not taken care of.

I wrote an article on the exact eye care procedure I follow with my own Persian cat. You can find it here How to clean your Persian cat’s eyes.


Grooming your Persian cat might not seem like it would have much of an effect on your Persian cat’s life expectancy but you’d be surprised. Persians are a long-haired breed that requires lots of brushing to avoid hairballs. Over time hairballs can become dangerous if they become lodged in your cat’s stomach. 

General Healthcare

Keeping your Persian in tiptop condition will go a long way to ensuring a long and healthy life. Cleaning your cat’s teeth, eyes, and grooming are all good practice and something I recommend you do. 

Yearly vaccinations are also important to ensure your cat is protected from any potential diseases, this is especially true if your Persian cat ventures outdoors. 


Spaying and neutering your cat is quite a subjective topic and one that can often produce mixed opinions. One thing is for sure, cat’s that are spayed or neutered do tend to live longer and are safe from testicular or ovarian cancer that’s prevalent in cats that haven’t been spayed/neutered.

Persian Cat Life Expectancy 

Looking at some of the research carried out it’s hard to put an exact lifespan on a Persian cat but a general consensus is 12-17 years, with a median of 14.1 years.

This information was taken from pet insurance data from Sweden and veterinary clinic data from England

In the Swedish study of the Persian group (Persians, Chinchilla, Himalayan and Exotic) 76% of this group lived to 10 years or more and 52% lived to 12.5 years or more.

Similarly, the study carried out in England found that Persians typically lived for 12-17 years with an average of 14.1 years. 

Obviously, there are cases of Persians living to 20 years (this isn’t uncommon) and, of course, sad cases of Persians living substantially less and dying before their 10th birthday. 

I think from the studies above we can draw a conclusion that 12-17 years is a good “rough” guide with 14-15 years looking like more of an accurate average.

25 thoughts on “Persian Cat Life Expectancy- How Long Do They Live?”

  1. My cat passes away just 2 months before 12th birthday spent a lot of time outdoors,,do you think his live was long for a outdoors cat

  2. My blue just passed today. She was a rescue from the S.p.c.a. because she was abandoned because of her inbreeding effects. She was 8. She stopped really eating about 2 weeks ago. 7 days ago I thought she would pass. She had 7 days of pain, suffering, and misery. 8 years old! Kitty Politti changed my life. Her insides just shut down.

    1. Hi Eric, please accept my condolences at this difficult time. She sounded like an amazing Persian. At least she’s not in pain anymore. If you would like to share some pictures or a short story about her on the blog feel free to drop me an email at info AT RIP Kitty Politti

    2. Why in the heck would you not take your poor cat to your vet clinic to be put to sleep days before if she was not going to pull through with any treatments, instead of waiting for her to die on her own???? It doesn’t make any sense at all. She should have been put down earlier. Pets rarely die on their own. Palliative people get iv fluids, very strong pain killers and such near the end. Why why why was she not put down????

  3. Laura Sofia Roche

    My beloved white Persian cat pass away yesterday on 18 May and he had 19 years 4 months and 3 days (born 15 January 2000 in Romania)

  4. Our Persian- Gizmo is 17. He has been such a fun and precocious boy. He and his brother, Dusty were raised with our Lab and Lhasa Apso. Both cats learned verbal commands. Gizmo was on the Ellen show – she called him a grumpy cat. Quite the opposite. He has been my love since 2002. He is starting to cut back on eating and drinking. We will take him in soon. But the pint is – Persians are wonderful fur babies. I adore out boy. We lost Dusty 5 years ago to sudden cardiomyopathy. I was concerned about Gizmo, but he has never had that issue. So yes, I think the 12-17 longevity is accurate. And we have enjoyed them so much.

    1. Hi Shauna, what a beautiful story, Gizmo sounds a wonderful cat and fingers crossed he has many years left in him. I’ve heard of some Persians living over 20 years. If you would like to have some of his images used on the site feel free to email some over to

    2. Hi Shauna. My Siamese just passed away less than two weeks ago to sudden cardiomyopathy as well. There were no signs. She just had a clean bill of health with perfect blood work a month before. We got her through 2 weeks with extensive care, diagnosis and 4 heart meds but she never got any better. She got a little better but then went downhill a bit again. She was only 10 yrs old and I thought that was young as the breed generally lives 16 to 21 yrs. She was my precious baby girl. After doing so much research, ALL my favourite breeds are pre disposed to this horrible disease that you cannot catch in time to treat. 🙁

      1. Hi Samantha, really sorry for your loss, my thoughts are with you and your family at this difficult time. I cant imagine how difficult it must be and as you say 10 years old is quite young. RIP.

  5. I have 9 Persian cats the mother and father and their children the mother is now 11 years old and the father is around 14 years old both still doing very well the kids she are from 9 years to 6 years

    1. 9 Persians wow that’s amazing. You must be pros at grooming! And great to hear your Persians are doing well, yours could easily live to be 20+ years old. I’d love to see some pictures!

  6. Our persian cat, Ariel, just died last night. He was an outdoor cat and we didn’t really know what killed him. There were no signs of blood all over his body. Maybe he ate something poisonous. He was just a year and a half year old. If only I could go back in time, I’d change this one. 🙁

    1. Hi Angelie, I’m terribly sorry for your loss. Did you take him to the vets to find out the cause of death, they should be able to tell you. He will have crossed over the rainbow bridge and will be in a nice place. My thoughts go out to you. If you would like to share pictures of him on the site in memory I’d be more than happy to do that. RIP poor baby.

  7. I just had to put my loving girl, Madison, to sleep on November 18th, 2019. She was a Persian doll face tortoiseshell that I purchased for 100 USD in 1999. Born on June 2, 1999, Madison never had any medical issues, aside from some dental problems in her geriatric years and minor renal dysfunction starting around 18 years old. Muscle atrophy and skeletal degeneration was ultimately her undoing. I miss her so much. A little more than twenty years of sweet kindness and companionship from a beautiful cat.

    1. I’m really sorry for your loss, please accept my condolences. It sounds like Madison had an amazing life over those 20 years. My Persian Milo was born on the 3rd June. She will have crossed over the rainbow bridge. RIP Madison.

  8. Hello im from turkey and my cat name is hamza. Hamza 12 years old. But maybe not, because When I claimed it, they said he was 2 years old. perhaps he is now 14-15 years old. lost a lot of weight in the last week. very run-down. He was receiving treatment at the vet, but I opposed him staying in the clinic and being unhappy. I brought her home. a cat that hates being somewhere else. waiting for your prayers for his recovery

    1. My thoughts and prayers are with yourself and Hamza. I would strictly follow your vets advice though, even though your Persian may hate staying in hospital, it may be best for him to get well.

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